Completion Date: May 2016

 

Cricket Shelter and Edible Insect Farm, Brooklyn, United States
Terreform ONE

The United Nations has mandated insect sourced protein as a major component to solving global food distribution problems. The simultaneous impact of climate change, urbanization, and economic instability present a distinct need for a hybrid architectural typology that delivers solutions for both food and shelter, especially in distressed regions. The proposal is a dual-purpose technology that can function as both shelter and modular insect farm. Designed to respond to the impending food crisis, Cricket Shelter provides access to a unique community-sustained source of alternative protein - a process that is exceedingly more sustainable than the current model of industrial meat production. The aim of this project is threefold: to minimize environmental impact, to create a mobile and flexible constructed farming system, and to promote community-driven agriculture in an urban context.

Cricket Shelter is a subsistence farming system and temporary refuge that minimizes the ecological footprint of protein-rich food production for urban areas. It is a well-established fact that industrialized animal agriculture accounts for one-fifth of all greenhouse gas emissions, and with global demand for meat projected to double by 2050, the industry’s space requirements constitute one of the most significant drivers of deforestation in the world. This project proposes an alternative: with 1% of the greenhouse gas emissions and requiring 0.001% of the land to produce the same amount of protein annually as cattle farming.

The project lends itself to simple assembly and disassembly in various site-specific orientations. The structural frames account for solar orientation, airflow, and spatial programs. A computational model aligns all containers to match the splines. Each farm unit has ventilation quills, flexible insect sacks, locally controlled louvers, and permeable feeder ports with rotating locking mechanisms. Most importantly, it contributes to local communities with regard to sustainable food production and consumption through a continued expandable design.

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