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Build it and they will come. Or will they…?
Gail Taylor

Much has been made of the ‘Bilbao effect’ over the years, and how the creation of the Guggenheim Museum by Frank Gehry put the dour industrial Spanish city right up there on the international tourist trail and boosted its coffers. It was hoped that the same would happen in Valencia where one of its most famous sons, architect Santiago Calatrava, created a 86-acre City of Arts and Sciences in a dried-out riverbed between 1996 and 2005.

The complex encompasses a planetarium shaped like an eye, a science museum, a bridge, a covered walkway, acres of reflecting pools, and what was meant to be the jewel in the crown, a futuristic looking opera house - El Palau de les Arts Reina Sofia.

The Palau rises 14 storeys above ground and goes down three storeys below. Under its huge curving roof - some 230m long - the 40,000 sq m building accommodates four auditoriums, the main one being the Sala Principal. This seats 1,700 people and boasts the third largest orchestra pit in the world, being capable of housing 120 musicians.

The budget for the City of Arts and Sciences was originally set at €300m, but the actual cost is estimated to have run to about three times that amount, with Calatrava’s fee approximately €94m alone.

And some people, such as left-wing provincial politician Ignacio Blanco, are very angry about it indeed. He has even set up a website www.calatravatelaclava.com, which translates roughly as ‘Calatrava bleeds you dry’. The website concludes that Valencia still owes €700m for the riverbed complex.

Footing the bill

The city is hardly in a position to pay, with a staggering 28.1% unemployment in the third quarter of 2012 - even higher than Spain’s already alarming average of 25.02%. Many people understandably question why the city needs a colossal opera house when it has no money to build new hospitals and schools.

To make matters worse, El Palau de les Arts has been beset with technical problems since the early days, making the price tag even more galling to some. First the main stage collapsed in 2006, forcing the management to cancel the last performance of La Bohème and all of La Belle et la Bète, which in turn meant rescheduling the remainder of the inaugural opera season. In 2007, the entire complex was hit by a series of floods, one of which wrecked the workings of the complex main stage equiment and caused more yet delays and cancellations.

But the final straw for the provincial Parliament came when the smooth outer surface of the Palau started to develop very visible wrinkles in 2011. According to an article in the New York Times (New Yorkers are keeping a keen eye on Calatrava who is creating the new PATH train station at Ground Zero): “Regional officials have said they expected the responsible party - Mr Calatrava, the construction companies or a combination - to pay for repairs or face a lawsuit. They are working to determine what repairs are necessary.”

For all the disasters and controversy, there will always be those who praise the Palau and the rest of the City of Arts and Sciences for its architectural purity of form and boldness of style. The complex’s own website states that it is ‘the main reason that tourists visit the city of Valencia’. In 2011, regional president Francisco Camps announced that the complex had brought in some 40 million tourists since it opened. Even so, it has never been quite the same architectural and tourist Mecca that The Guggenheim proved to be.

To be fair, The Guggenheim achieved its initial fame in Spain’s halcyon days when notable architects like Gerhy and Calatrava were viewed as almost God-like figures, and people used words like ‘aphrodisiac’ to describe their architecture. Now that Spain’s economic bubble has burst and its people are worried that they’re about to become the next Greece, extravagant, over-budget projects like Calatrava’s Palau attract resentment rather than adoration.

A breath of fresh oxygen for London

But is it ever possible for a building like the Palau to recover its status once it has been branded a white elephant and vilified by the press and politicians? If London’s former Millennium Dome is anything to go by, the answer is a resounding ‘yes’.

Just before its opening on New Year’s Eve 1999, then UK Prime Minister, Tony Blair, grandiosely declared of the £789m project that it would be ‘a triumph of confidence over cynicism, boldness over blandness, excellence over mediocrity’. Sadly, it wasn’t. After all the initial hype, the Dome was branded a flop by the British press: badly thought-out, badly executed, and leaving the government with the embarrassing question of what to do with it once the party was over. The Bilbao effect hadn’t worked here either.

After various failed attempts to find a use for it, the original exhibition complex was demolished. All that remained was the famous white outer shell - the ‘Big Top’ canopy designed by Richard Rogers and engineered by Buro Happold - supported by a dome-shaped cable network hung from 12 king posts.

And then, almost miraculously, everything changed. The former Dome was publicly renamed as The O2 in May 2005 in a £6m-per-year deal with telecommunications company O2. The redevelopment was undertaken by the new owners, Anschutz Entertainment Group (AEG), to a design by HOK SVE and Buro Happold at a cost of £600m.

Today, the O2 is the world’s most successful music and entertainment venue. The Mayor of London, Boris Johnson, said of it: “Congratulations to AEG for the astonishing success of The O2. The superb facilities it offers have increased London's ability to attract the biggest music stars in the world and an increasing number of international sporting events. It is without doubt an important addition to local life around Greenwich and, as a world beating attraction, an important part of London's economy as a whole." Bingo.

Struggles in Sydney lead to success

Over on the other side of the world, now one of the most instantly recognisable landmarks ever, the Sydney Opera House also came in for its share of controversy back in the day. Its Danish architect, Jørn Utzon, who famously won a competition to design a new opera house for the city in 1957, hit a wall of spite from politician Davis Hughes. This ultimately led to his resignation from the project in 1966. Utzon later referred to the situation as ‘Malice in Dunderland’. In the same year, he left Australia never to return.

Utzon’s designs were so ahead of their time that many simply didn’t understand that their complexity meant they couldn’t be rushed. Work on the first stage of the new Opera House, the Podium, began in 1959. The government had pushed for an early start, fearing that funding and positive public opinion might dwindle. Work finished in 1963 but the enforced early start led to significant later problems - not least that the podium columns were not strong enough to support the roof structure and had to be rebuilt.

The Opera House was eventually completed in 1973 at a total cost of $102m. The original cost estimate in 1957 was just $7m. The project came in ten years late and fourteen times over-budget. Subsequent redrawing of Utzon’s original plans after his resignation caused their own set of problems, namely poor acoustics and lack of performance and backstage space. Perhaps the new contractors should have stuck with Utzon’s acoustic designs - created with acoustic advisor, Lothar Cremer - as they were later modelled and found to work well.

Regardless, in 2003, Utzon was awarded perhaps the most coveted prize of all, the Pritzker Prize, for his visionary Opera House. The prize citation stated, “There is no doubt that the Sydney Opera House is his masterpiece. It is one of the great iconic buildings of the 20th Century, an image of great beauty that has become known throughout the world - a symbol for not only a city, but a whole country and continent.”

Since its opening in 1973, the Opera House has become the busiest performing arts centre in the world. It averages 3,000 events with audiences totalling some 2 million people each year. It is open 24/7, closing only on Good Friday and Christmas Day.

Frank Gehry, a Pritzker Laureate and Juror has been quoted as saying: “Utzon made a building well ahead of its time, far ahead of available technology, and he persevered through extraordinary malicious publicity and negative criticism to build a building that changed the image of an entire country.”

So might Calatrava’s Palau eventually weather the storms and come good? Spain’s dire economic straits don’t bode well for that…but then again, stranger things have happened near the sea.

Gail Taylor
Editorial

 

 

WAN Editorial

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Bow Street Magistrates
Apple HQ
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Hotel of
WAN AWARDS 2011 -
Work in Progress
Editorial
Work in Progress
DETAIL Magazine
Editorial
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Hotel of
Coffee with an Architect
ICFF 2011
CLERKENWELL DESIGN WEEK
Nebuta-no-ie Warrase
WAN AWARDS 2011 -
Taiwan competitions
Work in Progress
Pulsen – The Community
Shahama and Bahia
Wales Institute for
Central Delaware River
The Glass Room
Work in Progress
DETAIL Magazine
Taiwan competitions
Editorial
Editorial
Work in Progress
Praemium Imperiale
Before I Die...
WAN INTERIORS + DESIGN
Venice Cityvision
Work in Progress
Editorial
Bauhaus Museum
Editorial
New Practices New York and
European Copper in
DEADLINE CHAPTER 3
Is-land
Indiana State University
Work in Progress
DETAIL Magazine
Architect Barbie®
$300 House Open Design
Editorial
DEADLINE CHAPTER 4
The Art of Building
Editorial
AIA Pavilion
Orchids & Onions Awards
Historic Park Inn Hotel
Ponte dell'Accademia
Why don't our workspaces
WAN INTERIORS + DESIGN
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Civic
WAN AWARDS 2011- Product
DEADLINE CHAPTER 5
Rawhide: The New Shingle
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Civic
Victoria Theatre and
Jerusalem Light Railway
Effectiveness in
DEADLIINE CHAPTER 6
Bering Strait tunnel
ROOMSCAPES OF THE
Health Centre for the
Bancroft on Sunday
WAN AWARDS 2011- Product
Talk to Me
One Green Street
10,000th LEED Building
Tallinn Architecture
2012 Industry Outlook
BJDW ALT, Parsons The New
DEADLINE CHAPTER 6
Detail
Martin Luther King Jr
EXPO City
How 9/11 changed Lower
Open City
WAN AWARDS 2011 -
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Colour
Architect Twitter Map
WAN AWARDS Colour in
COMMENT: ZIBA
China silenced by illegal
LEAF Awards 2011
Still Movement
Danish architects lead the
Private Residence,
Cityscape Global Awards
RIBA Curriculum
Architecture Film Festival
2012 World Monuments Watch
Urban design in Cairo
ECO WAN Feature
Colour Futures
Sjunkhatten National Park
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Urban
WAN AWARDS 2011 -
Longxi International Hotel
Marthagården Day Care
Siódemka
New Chairman of the CTBUH
WAN AWARDS 2011 - Urban
WAN AWARDS 2011 -
WAN AWARDS Commercial
WAN Colour in Architecture
A Zen approach to
IRTBBC
Tom Kundig: Houses 2
Dean vacancy at Illinois
Haramain High Speed Rail
WAN Colour in Architecture
CTBUH Best Tall Building
ECOWAN AWARDS 2012
Battery-Powered Building,
The Center for
WAN Product of the Year
World Future Energy Summit
Cracks appear in Olympic
COMMENT: CHALK ARCHITECTURE
DETAIL Magazine
Campaign for sustainable
£5 Olympic Coins
Michael Hammond interviews
Hospital numbers to
WAN AWARDS 2011 –
WAN House of the Year
BOOK REVIEW: THE ART OF
City-wide masterplan
Building the Revolution:
Jørn Utzon workshop
Ski slope cabin
Shower theory turned on
Bamboo Chocolate Factory
DETAIL Magazine
St. Petersburg Pier
2012 Royal Gold Medal for
Parque Termal Dolores
Olympic Park competition
African American Cultural
Energy Surplus House
Gales wreck wind turbines
Hyotan hot spings
10x10 Review
2011 WAN AWARDS Colour
2011 WAN AWARDS Commercial
Palestinian Museum
Queen Elizabeth Olympic
The top 10 stories of 2011
WAN AWARDS 2011 –
2011 WAN AWARDS Commercial
WAN House of the Year
Tech Spot #32: Smart Glass
Tarlungeni Open Space
CARE International Tsunami
Steve Jobs Statue
WAN launches three new
Cost saving scandal casts
Colour in architecture
HS2
Hotel de Glace
T30 Hotel
Guggenheim Museum
RUN, Olympic Park
RIBA President’s Medals
Financial experts voice
Kodak’s legacy
Plastic Bottle Lights
RULA Maps
Three buildings collapse
Strange But True
Building Trust
The Near and the Elsewhere
The Finnish line
MoMA PS1 Performance Dome
120 Hours
Education design forced to
Wind Turbines
CTV Building
African Union Headquarters
WAN House of the Year
2011 WAN AWARDS
Cultural Projects
Jiri Pelcl - The
2011 WAN AWARDS
WAN AWARDS 21 FOR 21
Napoleonland
ENYA Harlem Edge Design
Inspiration and Process in
Moscow Agglomeration
New York’s Center for
Zap' Ados
Green Building and Climate
Levitated Mass
Ben Marshall joins WAN
WAN INTERIOR DESIGN AWARDS
Museum of Contemporary Art
Lusail Marina Mall
Paul Morgan Architects
Made in USA - German
Future Housing
Wacom Inkling
Case Study: 15 Union
Air Danshin Systems Inc
Angkor Wat Replica
North West Cambridge
The Architect Trailer
Sino-Singapore Tianjin
Changes to UK Planning Laws
Healthcare Awards get
Book Review: Spomenik and
Pedestrian Bridge
ACE signs Tangiers
New NPPF finalised
WAN AWARDS 2012 Education
WAN AWARDS 2012 21 for 21
New York Works Program
Urban Explorers climb the
Vissershok Primary School
Citizens of No Place: An
WAN AWARDS 2012 Education
'From Beijing to London:
Nuclear Test Site
New addition to WAN
Azerbaijan Tower
WAN AWARDS 2012 21 for 21
WAN Jobs
Earthquake Experiments at
What makes an architect?
Orangutans as Engineers
Kampala - Entebbe Highway
Aga Khan Award for
eVolo 2012 Skyscraper
WAN Innovation Network
Qatar 2022 Supreme
Lazika Masterplan
Guggenheim Museum
2012 Habitat Youth BUILD
Dancing Dragons
City of Arts and Sciences
Recycled vinyl at the
Honduras - Charter City
Record-breaking swimming
WAN LIGHTING AWARDS 2012
Priority School Building
Luftschloss
Maschinenfabrik Oerlikon
VILLA TUGENDHAT
Glacial Water Bottling
LEED 2012
WAN AWARDS 2012 Healthcare
2012 WAN Hotel of the Year
National Stadium
I Love Architecture Auction
AIA concerns over U.S.
Maggie’s Cancer Caring
Mosque and Islamic Centre
WAN 21 for 21 Award
European Spallation Source
Capri Power Station
WAN AWARDS 2012 Healthcare
4 World Trade Center
Corruption Eradication
Rock-Sette Disaster
CTV Building Inquiry
THE SELFRIDGES BEAUTY
FIELD OF LIGHT
New International Trade
Battersea Power Station
SkyCity
Aquatics Centre and Field
New technology park
Global stadia by FCC
425 Park Avenue
World Cities Network
Monolithic apartment block
Formula 1 Lotus Sculpture
AllesWirdGut
World Architecture Day
Floriade 2022
Xiqu Centre
Egar Mueller street art
Nelson Mandela Legacy
Imperial Plaza Sky
City of Dreams Pavilion
iPad winner
The Golden Temple
HOTEL BALZAC
London 2012 Olympic Park
Stirling Prize Shortlist
2012 RIBA Lubetkin Prize
Ingfah Restaurant
Anish Kapoor exhibition
Today's Tenders
San Antonio Library, Texas
Today's Tenders
The Center for Innovation,
Olympic Opening Ceremony
Peter Murray Protests for
Martin Luther King Junior
RIBA and Fees Bureau's
Today's Tenders
THE VIOLIN FACTORY
WALLPAPER BY DEBORAH
CLAYWORKS
Protection for heritage
WAN China
WAN AWARDS 2012
WAN AWARDS 2012 Civic
London 2012 Olympics sets
CIOB Photography
WAN Effectiveness award
Increase in Chinese
Better cities, better lives
Today's Tenders
Breaking News: China
World Architecture Day
Better cities, better lives
Better cities, better lives
Better cities, better lives
Natural History Museum
Highlights from the Venice
Today's Tenders
WAN's top 100
Senkaku & Diaoyu
Renovated synagogue, Poland
Today's Tenders
Forest Mews, Forest Hill
Interviews from La
Airbus 4D Light Show
Vallecas Housing
Will Alsop
Michael Hammond podcast
WAN Adaptive Re-use Award
CIOB Photography
Tottenham Rejuvenation
10x10 Drawing the City
Flawed construction
Sliced Porosity
Rethink Vancouver
CTBUH 2012 Shanghai 9th
The Value of Quality
Today's Tenders
Highline for London
Veracruz Architects
Ode À La Vie
World Architecture Day -
World Architecture Day
World Architecture Day
2012 WAN AWARDS Civic
World Architecture Day
World Architecture Day
World Architecture Day
World Architecture Day
Today's Tenders
World Architecture Day
Austerity School Plans
VIEW Showcase
Today's Tenders
The Architecture of James
Flat Pack Design
Student Competition Winner
2012 WAN Effectiveness
2012 WAN Product of the
Today's Tenders
WAN AWARDS 2012 Transport
WAN AWARDS 2012 Urban
STARBUCKS ESPESSO JOURNEY
WAN winners speak at WAD
Today's Tenders
Masjid an-Nabawi Mosque
Hurricane Sandy hits
Bhartiya City
WAN AWARDS 2012 Transport
2012 WAN Urban
10x10
WAN Workspace Interiors
New National Stadium
Mercury City
New skyline for Tel Aviv
Sustainability: Where are
Today's Tenders
London’s future hub
INSTACON
Sustainability: Where are
Reader Image of the Week:
East or West?
Tsunami-resistant port
Sustainability: Where are
Shipping Container Homes
We want your reviews!
Obituary: Oscar Niemeyer
Oscar Niemeyer 1907-2012
Report: CTV Building
WAN AWARDS 2012 Commercial
WAN AWARDS 2012 Adaptive
Sydney International
Today's Tenders
WAN AWARDS 2012 Commercial
WAN Adaptive Re-use Award
Reader Review:
Season of Goodwill: The
Reader Review:
$11bn investment in
Designing for better
2013 Honours List
Festina Lente
Today's Tenders
Ada Louise Huxtable
World Architecture Day 2013
Iceberg
Broken Bridge II
Chicago Building Fire
Experts Comment: The
Sinkhole appears in
Deal struck for promotion
WAN Sustainable Building
WAN AWARDS 2012
2012 WAN House of the Year
New City of El-Menia
Ambulance Playground
WAN AWARDS 2012
Less is More: Should
Rational House
Hotel Wiesergut
The LEGO House
'Designing for Champions'
Reinvent the Payphones
361 Degrees Conference
eVolo 2013 Skyscraper
[PACIFIC] New Ocean
Steel structure shelters
MIPIM Awards 2013
Design and dementia
Shortlist announced for
New scandal in Chinese
Topshelf by Greyroom
Australia 108
Joao Havelange Stadium
40-storey hotel engulfed
Park Inn Radisson Hotel in
Reasons why Denise Scott
Penn Station
Preston Bus Station
American Folk Art Museum
Regent Street Windows
21 for 21 Award 2013
2013 WAN AWARDS Education
Portland to Portland
WAN AWARDS 2013 Education
Jan Shrem and Maria
Aga Khan Award for
Miami Beach Convention
21 for 21 Award Exhibition
Swiss report on the health
Penn Station
Breaking News
Hôpital Universitaire de
Goethean Science Building
Vertical Forest Building
CONRAN TO JUDGE WIN AWARDS
Architecture: Steiner
Container Vacation House
Dayiwul Lirlmim
KONE UltraRope(TM)
2013 WAN Hotel of the Year
WAN AWARDS 2013 Healthcare
Portland 2 Portland
CTBUH 2013: Height and
Denise Scott Brown and the
Exbury Egg
2012 London Olympic
2013 WAN Hotel of the Year
Torre David
Israel's Architectural
Portland 2 Portland
PET bottle installation
Towards 8 Billion: Housing
KGH Tower, Bahrain Bay
WAN AWARDS 2013 Healthcare
Museum for Underwater
Podcast: Portland 2
The Langham
+ Pool
Bank of England App
Heathrow Airport
Portland 2 Portland
2013 RIBA Stirling Prize
UK Airport Debate
From Elephant & Castle
Flinders Street Station
Madison Square Garden
House of Peroni
Sky City
Singapore Life Church
House of Peroni
CityVision Rio Competition
Flinders Street Station
Endless Stair, Tate Modern
Windhover Contemplative
Rebuild by Design
Culture Shed
White Collar Factory and
'Hyperloop'
Hudson River Park
QueensWay
The Langham
2017 World Expo
Open House
Nyt Hospital Nordsjælland
Ground/Work
Tokyo to host 2020 Summer
Aga Khan Award for
Southbank Centre
The SPA
Architects House Exchange
The City of Dreams
Emporis Skyscraper Award
Metropolitan Police
George Washington
Clermont Hotel and
World Architecture Day
MAG Group Residences
Sagrada Familia
WAD13 Evening Reception
The Lagoons
A Dolls' House
WAD Report: Building on
Stavros Niarchos
WAD13: Jay Cross
WAD13: Craig Dykers
Tokyo Stadium comes under
WAD13: Practical Utopias
WAD13: Yama Karim
WAD13: Waterfronts Today
WAD13 Round-up
Workshop: Evolutions in
Energy Bunker
Earl Shapiro Hall
Interview: Alex Ely
Battersea Power Station:
World Trade Center
Sydney Architecture
New possibilities in
A Dolls' House charity
Mini M
University of Manitoba
10 x 10
Possible changes afoot for
Raouche Skywalk
Expo 2020 Dubai
Outlet Village Kievsky and
Royal Adelaide Hospital
Çanakkale Antenna Tower
Iniala Beach House
National Centre for
Axel Springer Media Campus
Palace of Westminster
Festive Feature - March
Park or parking lot?
The best architecture
Interview: Nico
Kimbell Art Museum
Clearpoint Residencies
NYRP EDGE/ucation Pavilion
Inaugure Hospitality
Schüller Showroom
Demolition of American
Park Russia
The Photographer's House
Alumni Hall at Vanderbilt
Bridge as sustainable
Shard Number 3
EDITION Hotel, Times Square
Shop Talk: Will Alsop
Street Smart
Growing Underground
Showcase: Year of the Snake
Frank Lloyd Wright and the
2014 Sochi Winter Olympic
World Architecture Day
432 Park Avenue
Hy-Fi, MoMA
Designing with Nature
Reversed tributary housing
In other news...
Sommelier's Home
Kiosk Exhibition
In other news...
Shop Talk: Morten Schmidt
Nobel Center
Shop Talk: Bob Fry
In other news...
Residential property
Arbre Blanc
July 22 Memorial
In other news...
WAN Survey
Serpentine Pavilion 2014
In other news...
la Biennale di Venezia:
Ferrari Land
Review: Being an Architect
Shop Talk: Morag Morrison
Museum of Modern Art and
North West Cambridge
RIBA Shanghai Xintiandi
The Farrell Review
Battersea Power Station:
Report: Concrete Action
UK Pavilion for Milan Expo
Liverpool Flyover
3D Printed Houses
WAD14 Editorial: Transport
BUS:STOP Krumbach
Mackintosh Building,
Kaleido
Golden Lion: Phyllis
Skyscraper Competition
Cellular Tessellation
Frazer Stokes
14th International
Pont des Arts
Vitra Slide Tower
Tech Focus
RIBA Manser Medal
City Beach NYC
Sokolniki Park of Culture
Breaking News
BioCasa_82
Clark Art Institute
Breaking News
Mall of the World
Wanda Skyscraper
Nobel Qur’an Oasis
Heathrow City
Stirling Prize Shortlist
PSES Building
WAD14 Partnership with Mr.
Heron Tower to become
Lucas Museum of Narrative
Sir Richard MacCormac:
Interview: OTXOTORENA
River Champagne Bar
The Structural Awards 2014
SMALL ARCHITECTURE NOW!
Interview: Tomas Koolhaas
RiF010 Water Sports Arena
Interview: Richard Glover
Still listening after all
WAN Facade Award
Urban Shade
Guggenheim Cruise Ship
Al Maktoum International
We Are The City
AND Film Festival
Guggenheim Museum
World Architecture Day 2014
ASH
Danish Education Design
Underwood-Pavilion
WAN Mobile
Mont Tremblant Discovery
Long Museum West Bund
WAN Sustainable Building
Ledge House
Ciputra International
LEAF Awards 2014 winners
11th Street Bridge Park
Taichung Condominium Tower
RIBA international design
The Architects' Ball
Technology and Design
Wunderbugs
University of Pembangunan
Guggenheim Helsinki
Dr. Verna and Peter
Situation Room, Storefront
Yinchuan Greenland Center
Parliament - Senate -
Interview: LAVA
Richardson's Yard
Building the Essence
10x10 Drawing the City,
Léon Blum viaduct
Future Ground
Sunrise to High-Rise
'Sancaklar Mosque'
Leventis Art Gallery
Roche corporate
Super Tower
Unboxed
Lincs2Nepal
Køge North Station
Book Review: Cabins by
Mesa City Center
Oaks Prague Competition
The Attendant
Mackintosh Building,
Case Study: The Safety
Guggenheim Helsinki Design
Millharbour Village
Holiday Reading
WAN welcomes Eva Spaolonzi
How cool is my campus by
Brick by William Hall
Shop Talk: Richard Coleman
RAIC Gold Medal award
Sci-Arc: "What's a
London Festival of
Architecture meets art in
Commercial Feature: The
Bau 15
Straw Eco Homes
2015 EU Prize for
Intecs Headquarters
Interview: Sameep Padora
Torch Building Fire
Vaulted Willow
2015 EU Prize for
The Earth Home Project
A very Zen vision
Nine Elms to Pimlico
WAN Competitions
The Freezeway
Barack Obama Presidential
Red Square Tolerance
Healthcare design feature
Garden Bridge
Guggenheim Helsinki six
Pritzker prize for Frei
WAN Small Spaces Award 2014
Garden Bridge Minister's
Nine Elms to Pimlico
POWERFUL: Women Leading
Singh Intrachooto Interview
Z-Axis Conference report
Le Corbusier Controversy
UK Construction Week 2015
Tech spot #1 – Robot
Tech Spot #2 - GIFT City
UK–China Industrial
2015 Milan Expo round-up
WIN May Design Series
Tech spot #3: Tesla’s
Tech spot #4: Deloitte
Tech spot #6: Photovoltaics
London Festival of
World Interiors News
Tech spot #7: Linear motion
Great Spaces Series 1:
WAN Healthcare Award
Tech Spot #9: Canary Wharf
Heathrow
Miami Beach Whole Foods
WAN Asia Awards
WAN Performing Spaces 2015
Nine Elms Vauxhall
Nine Elms Bridge
Park Royal
Chinese Steel
Hilton Garden Inn, Old
Birmingham New Street
The Peckham Coal Line
Tech Spot #23: Combating
House of The Year
Tech Spot #24: Light
Angel Square
Olympic Park mosque
Deloitte London Office
Tech Spot #29: iPad Pro
WAN Business Briefing
22 Bishopsgate
Tech Spot #30: Moroccan
Lord’s Cricket Ground
Pershing Square
Tech Spot #31: Li-Fi
UK Parliament refurbishment
Obama Presidential Center
COP21 summit
Tech Spot #35: Dubai Hotel
Tech Spot #36: Autodesk
Tech Spot #37: Civil
Tech Spot #38: Zero-carbon
Supertall skyscrapers
Megatall skyscrapers
New London Architecture
Crossrail station
Tech Spot #39: Virtual
Museum of Ethnography
Crane collapse
London high-rise
Taiwanese earthquake
WAN Future Project Civic
Strachan House
Nine Elms property
Serpentine Summer Houses
China's bizarre diktat
Derby Silk Mill
Emprasa Smart City
Tech Spot #45: LightMotion
Trade with Cuba
UK Construction Week 2016
Tech Spot #46:
Zaha Hadid Passed Away
Kolkata collapse
Tech Spot 48: Solar power
Future Bike Event
PFI schools
ZEDpod
Brexit Survey
University expansion
Brexit
BIM app: Tech Spot #53
Heathrow expansion
Crossrail stations
Thamesmead
Tech Spot #54: Revizto 4.0
EU Referendum
Serpentine Summer Houses
EU BREXIT
Tech Spot #59: Smartflower
Tech Spot #60: Lazer
Liverpool Street Station
Tech Spot #61: HOUSE1
London City Airport
Reford Gardens: Tech spot
FRP Bridges: Tech Spot #66
London Crossrail
Rwandan Cricket Stadium
Infrastructure
Tech Spot #71: Swansea Bay
Tech Spot #73: Solar Tiles
WAN acquisition
Anfield Stadium store
‘Air rights’
Timber construction
Scaffolding collapse
Tech Spot #75: Automatic
The top ten
Prefabricated housing
Concert Hall
Dover redevelopment
2016: a good year for
Tech Spot #78: The Top Ten
WAN AWARDS Façade winner
Modular houses
Upton Gardens
Housing White Paper
New city
Oroville Dam
Affordable housing
WAN’s modular housing
HS2
WAN's Urban Challenge
Liverpool Waters
Liziba Station
Skyscrapers
Smart town
QED Sustainable Urban
Museum of Making
Naked house
New UK homes
Tech Spot #85: Energy
International Bamboo
USC Architectural Guild
Better UK homes
WAN Housing Task Force
Grenfell House fire
Grenfell Tower fire
Northern Arc
Grenfell Tower fire
British Homes Awards 2017
UK high-rise checks
Grenfell Tower aftermath
V&A Exhibition Road
Camden Highline
Haringey redevelopment
Biohm, Triagomy
Brian Avery
Subway art
Bluebeam
London Music Centre
Autonomous cars
Affordable housing
Rail extension
Liverpool Waters
Ledbury Estate
Big Ben chimes
Queensferry Crossing
WAN London Housing
WAN London Housing
Sustainable buildings
MPavilion 2017
Tech Spot #92: Technical
New city
Pedestrianising Oxford
Northern Line extension
Book Review
Clippership Wharf
MINI LIVING
UK Budget
London Plan
Design Council research
Edinburgh Marina
The top ten
Tech Spot #95: Anti-smog
Boris’s bridge
Cape Town
Design Council research
Tech Spot #99: Hi-tech
Tech Spot #100: Virtual
Affordable housing
Garden towns
Aljada
2018 Pritzker Prize
WAN/WSP Round table
Bridge collapse
Tech Spot #103: Automated
Lushan Primary School
Healthy placemaking
London Towers
Tower collapse
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Charles Rennie Mackintosh
Sea Lanes
BREXIT
Nordic Light Hotel
‘Future Cities’
Spitalfields House
The Inglewood transit
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Tech Spot #112 Climate Tile
LPS tower blocks
Vitra: Barber &
Airline cabin designed UK
WIN Awards 2018 Ceremony
WIN Awards Interior
WIN Awards 2018 Winners'
WIN Awards 2018 Winners'
 
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